Taxonomic diversity of cultivated Capsicum genotypes of India

  • Sharmila Dutta Deka Principal Scientist ,National Seed Project Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics Assam Agricultural University Jorhat
Keywords: Capsicum, taxonomy, characterization, diversity, morphological grouping

Abstract

Germplasm characterization is an important link between the conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources. Genetic diversity within and between crops is a major requirement for plant breeders. For description of plant genetic recourses the choice of characteristics is crucial. In the present study 60 cultivated Capsicum  annum varieties collected from different parts of India and their divergence and similarities were recorded for 35taxonomic traits. Variability for the 35 morpho physiological traits was evident .Traits suitable for identification and grouping of the Capsicum genotypes has been identified. Traits with variable phenotypic classes giving stable expression were -seedling- anthocyanin coloration of hypocotyl, plant shortened internodes (in upper part), anthocianin coloration of the nodes, varieties with shortened internodes, leaf shape and blistering, anthocianin coloration of anther, fruit color before maturity, fruit shape in longitudinal section, fruit attitude, peduncle attitude, shape of apex of the fruit and fruit colour at maturity. 


 

Author Biography

Sharmila Dutta Deka, Principal Scientist ,National Seed Project Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics Assam Agricultural University Jorhat
Principal Scientist ,National Seed Project
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics
Assam Agricultural University
Jorhat785013
Published
01-07-2017
Section
Research Note