GENETIC VARIABILITY, HERITABILITY AND GENETIC ADVANCE IN WHEAT UNDER DIFFERENT NORMAL AND HEAT STRESSED ENVIRONMENTS

  • Ram Chandra Choudhary Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar-848125
  • Nand Kishor Sharma Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar-848125
  • Rajeev Kumar Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar-848125
  • Mithilesh Kumar Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar-848125
Keywords: Wheat, spikelet fertility, variability, genetic advance, genotypes

Abstract

Eighteen wheat genotypes grown in the Pusa farm, Bihar during the Rabi season of 2011-12 were evaluated for genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for four yield attributing traits. Significant differences were observed among the genotypes for all the traits under consideration namely, spikelet fertility, number of grains per spike, number of effective tillers per plant and pollen sterility. The PCV and GCV was found to be high for spikelet fertility, number of grains per spike and pollen sterility while, moderate for number of effective tillers per plant and spikelet fertility (field). Higher value of PCV was obtained in all the cases than the GCV for all the characters. The heritability for all the characters was found to be high with high GAM. Hence, these yield attributing traits could be considered as suitable selection criteria for the development of high yielding wheat cultivars.

Published
19-02-2016
Section
Research Note