Modified crossing (SMUASB) method for artificial hybridization in proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) and Little millet (Panicum sumatrense)

  • C. Nandini Small Millets, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru
  • Sujata bhat Small Millets, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru
  • Srinathareddy, Jayramegowda and Prabhakar Small Millets, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru

Abstract

Proso millet and Little millet belong to group of small millets and family poaceae. Flower opening in these crops are chasmogamous type, in which pollination takes place prior to opening of flowers. Hence, self pollination predominates. So, to create variability, hybridization is prerequisite. Because of self pollination and non availability of male sterility, emasculation is necessary for crossing. There are many emasculation and crossing methods like contact method, hot water treatment, hand emasculation and USSR method which are used in these crops. But the disadvantage in these methods is damage to stigma this reduces the success rate of obtaining true F1’s. To overcome all these problems of earlier methods, in our present study, we proposed the modified crossing (SMUASB) method. In this method, cold water of 5-80C is sprayed on the panicle as a mechanical stimulator for opening of florets in male and female panicles. For emasculation, female panicle is gently washed in cold water. This will not affect stigma and its receptivity. All florets which are already fertilized and not opened immature florets are removed before pollination. Hence, success rate of obtaining true F1s is more and less land and resources are required for evaluation of F1’s. Using SMUASB method, we attempted crosses in Little millet and Proso millet and the success rate observed was 56% and 60% respectively.

 

 

Author Biographies

C. Nandini, Small Millets, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru

Sr Technical Assistant, PC Unit

Small Millets, UAS, GKVK

Bengaluru, Karnataka

Sujata bhat, Small Millets, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru

Sr Technical Assistant, PC Unit

Small Millets, UAS, GKVK

Bengaluru, Karnataka

Srinathareddy, Jayramegowda and Prabhakar, Small Millets, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru

Sr Technical Assistant, PC Unit

Small Millets, UAS, GKVK

Bengaluru, Karnataka

Published
30-09-2019
Section
Research Article