Estimates of genetic variability among the backcross populations involving UMI1200 and UMI1230 maize inbreds
A knowledge of genetic variability parameters, heritability and genetic advance of the traits is essential in a breeding programme to select and advance a right individual from a population. The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic variability among the backcross (BC1F1, BC2F1) and selfed (BC2F2) population derived from two independent crosses of maize inbreds (UMI 1200 × VQL1 and UMI 1230 × VQL1) and select the efficient individual. Fourteen morphological traits were used to estimate the genetic variability components. The populations exhibited high PCV than the corresponding GCV for all the traits. Yield and its attributes like cob length and girth, number of kernel rows/ cob, number of kernels/ row and 100 grain weight revealed high heritability with high genetic advance as percent of mean in BC2F2 generations of both the crosses. Hence these traits indicated the presence of additive gene action and selection would be effective.
It is certified that:
- The corresponding author is fully responsible for any disputes arising due to the publication of his/her manuscript.
- The article has been seen by all the authors who are satisfied with its form and content.
- The sequence of names of authors in the by-line is as per their relative contribution to this experiment, giving due credit to all scientists who made notable contribution to it.
- All the authors fully understand that inclusion of any other co-authors or exclusion of any co-authors is not possible once the article has been submitted to the journal.
- The corresponding author takes full responsibility for this article.
- The address of the organization where the research was conducted is given.
- The article is exclusive for this journal, and the results reported here have not been sent (and will not be sent during its consideration by this journal) for publication in any other journal.
- Authors agree to abide by the objective comments of referees and do agree to modify the article into a short note as per the recommendation, for publication in the Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding.
- If published in Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, the copyright of this article would vest with the Indian Society of Plant Breeders, who will have the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad engaged in reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information contained in it, and neither we nor our legal heirs will have any claims on royalty.