Heterosis for yield and its related traits in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench)

  • Jaydeep Prakashbhai Bhatt Anand Agricultural University
  • Nil Ashokbhai Patel Anand Agricultural University
  • Rajesh R. Acharya Anand Agricultural University
  • Keshubhai Bachubhai Kathiria Anand Agricultural University
Keywords: Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench, heterosis, diallel analysis, fruit yield

Abstract

Eight parental lines of okra and their 28 F1 hybrids obtained from half diallel were studied to investigate the extent of heterosis for yield and yield attributing characters. The magnitude of heterosis varied from cross to cross for all the characters studied. Maximum positive heterosis for fruit yild per plant over better parent and standard check (JOH 2) was observed to be 62.12 and 44.11 per cent, respectively. The cause of heterosis may be due to its component traits, mainly, days to first flowering, nodes per plant, length of internode, fruit weight and fruits per plant. The best performing hybrid AOL 09-25 x AOL 09-26 which recorded 44.11 per cent heterosis for yield over standard check may be exploited for commercial cultivation.   

Author Biographies

Jaydeep Prakashbhai Bhatt, Anand Agricultural University

Senior Research Assistant, Regional Cotton Research Station, Anand Agricultural University, Viramgam-382 150 (Gujarat), India

Nil Ashokbhai Patel, Anand Agricultural University

Assistant Research Scientist, Main Vegetable Research Station, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388 110 (Gujarat), India

Rajesh R. Acharya, Anand Agricultural University

I/C Head and Associate Research Scientist, Main Vegetable Research Station, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388 110 (Gujarat), India

Keshubhai Bachubhai Kathiria, Anand Agricultural University
Director of Research and Dean PG Studies, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388 110 (Gujarat), India
Published
13-06-2016
Section
Research Note