Genetic analysis of yield and its biometric traits in castor (Ricinus communis L.)

  • S.B. Sakhare, Priya Pardeshi, R.N. Udasi and M.B. Nagdeve Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth
Keywords: Castor, generation mean analysis, scaling tests, additive, dominance, epistatic gene interactions

Abstract

The genetics of seed yield and its components was studied in castor (Ricinus communis L.) utilizing three crosses viz., AKC-1 x RG1636 (Cross - I); Aruna x RG1636 (Cross-II) and AKD-1 x RG1636 (Cross-III) through generation mean analysis. The additive-dominance model was found to be adequate for days to maturity of primary spikes in cross II (Aruna x RG1636) indicating the absence on non- allelic interactions. Additive (d) gene actions along with epistatic gene interactions were found to be significant for effective length of secondary spikes, oil content  in the cross I (AKC-1 x RG1636);  total number of capsules, 100 seed weight in the cross III (AKD-1 x RG1636), while rest of the characters were found to be governed by non additive gene actions. The classification of gene actions showed the importance of duplicate type of gene action for most of the characters in all the three crosses.  Breeding  procedures  involving  either  multiple  crosses  or  biparental  crosses  may  be resorted to get transgressive segregants.

Author Biography

S.B. Sakhare, Priya Pardeshi, R.N. Udasi and M.B. Nagdeve, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth
All India Co ordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture, Dr. PDKV, Akola
Published
27-03-2017
Section
Research Article