Combining ability analysis for grain yield and quality traits in pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.]

  • Priyanka Solanki, M. S. Patel, R. A. Gami and N.N.Prajapati S.D.Agricultural University
Keywords: Key Word, Pear millet, combining ability, GCA, SCA, Fe and Zn content


Combining ability analysis performed using 15 parental lines and their 54 hybrids in pearl millet in L x T mating design. The magnitude of SCA variances was higher than the GCA variances for all the characters, which indicated predominance of non-additive gene action in the inheritance of these traits and it was further supported by less magnitude of σ2gca / σ2sca  ratios. Based on general combining ability (gca) effects, none of the parent was good general combiners for all the characters. Among females, JMSA-9904 was good general combiner for grain yield per plant and protein content. Whereas, male parent J-2507 was good general combiner for grain yield per plant, Fe content and Zn content. The heterotic hybrid ICMA-96333 x J-2512 had recorded high sca effects for grain yield per plant and exhibited positive significant sca for Zn content. The hybrid ICMA-96333 x J-2510 was recorded high and favourable sca effect for Fe content (50.12) and Zn content (44.07). In case of protein content, hybrid JMSA-9904 x J-2538 was exhibited high positive sca effect, this cross also recorded positive sca effect for Fe content, Zn content and grain yield.

Author Biography

Priyanka Solanki, M. S. Patel, R. A. Gami and N.N.Prajapati, S.D.Agricultural University

Center for Crop Improvement

Pearl millet scheme -Incharge

Research Article