Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance studies in cowpea germplasm [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.]

  • S. Manju Devi and P. Jayamani
Keywords: Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance

Abstract

One hundred and eighty genotypes of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) were evaluated during kharif 2017 and thirteen biometrical traits were recorded. Analysis of variance revealed that significant difference existed among the genotypes for all the traits studied. The phenotypic coefficient of variation was higher than genotypic coefficient of variation for all the traits studied. The high estimates of GCV was found in traits  viz., number of pods per plant, number of clusters per plant, hundred seed weight and single plant yield. High heritability was observed for plant height, days to 50 per cent of flowering, number of racemes per plant, peduncle length, number of pods per plant, number of clusters per plant, days to maturity, pod length, hundred seed weight and single plant yield. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance as per cent of mean was observed for plant height, number of racemes per plant, peduncle length, number of pods per plant, number of clusters per plant, pod length, hundred seed weight and single plant yield. The high degree of variability was observed among the genotypes for different yield contributing traits. This could be utilised in the breeding programme for the improvement of cowpea

Published
09-07-2018
Section
Research Article