Combining ability and gene action studies for seed yield, its components and quality traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell.)
Keywords: Bread wheat, combining ability, gene effects, yield, quality traits
AbstractCombining ability for yield, its contributing traits and quality parameters was studied in 15 parental genotypes (12 lines, 3
testers) in a line x tester scheme. The purpose of the study was to identify and select superior parents and best hybrid
combinations on the basis of estimates of general and specific combining abilities. The differences among genotypes were
highly significant for all the characters studied. Estimates of variance due to general combining ability (gca) and specific
combining ability (sca) and their ratio revealed that both additive and non-additive gene effects were important for different
characters studied. The estimates of gca effects as a whole suggested that if most of the traits are to be improved through
hybridization and selection, then priority should be given to parents K 9107 from among the testers and UP 2338*2
/4/SNZ/TRAP#/3/KAUZ*2/TRAP//KAUZ from among the lines. (ATTILA*2/STAR)/PBW550 was the best specific cross
for grain yield
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