Combining ability, heterosis and inbreeding depression in inter specific hybrids involving greengram [ Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] and blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]
Keywords: Greengram, Blackgram, Combining ability, Heterosis, Inbreeding depression
AbstractA line x tester analysis of interspecific hybrids involving greengram (female) and blackgram (male) was carried out for 11 quantitative traits. As expected in wide crosses, none of the parent was found to be good general combiner for yield. However, PDM-11, HUM-26 Azad-U-1 and KUG-427 were spotted out as superior general combiners for 2-5 yield traits. Likewise, hybrids, PDM-11 × KUG-427, HUM-26 × Azad-U-1, HUM-6 × BHU-U-1 and HUM-26 × BHU-U-1 were identified as best specific cross combinations for few yield components only. Further, economic heterosis for seed yield and few important yield traits such as, pod length, seeds per pod and 100-seed weight, was significantly negative, while it was mostly positive for days to first flowering, days to maturity, plant height, number of primary and secondary branches including pods per plant. All the crosses showing negative yield heterosis reflected positive inbreeding depression. Non-additive gene action was of prime importance for all the characters except for days to 50% flowering.
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