Analyzing genetic variations for head rice recovery under heat stress in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
High temperature induces yield losses in rice, by affecting pollination, fertilization and also by affecting grain quality. High temperature stress coinciding with the grain filling period affects starch granule compaction thereby leading to reduced head rice recovery (HRR). The broken grains significantly reduce the price of rice by 50% in the market. Hence, the development of rice varieties that exhibit a lower reduction in grain quality coupled with higher head rice recovery under high temperature stress has become a major mandate in rice breeding programs. The present study was undertaken to survey the genetic variation for head rice recovery in rice under both normal (wet season) and high temperature (dry season) conditions. Evaluation of 50 diverse rice germplasm lines across different temperature regimes during grain filling viz. mean temperature of 30.8°C (wet season; May to Sep-Oct) and 35.8°C (Dry season 2017; January to May) and 36.2°C (Dry season 2018; Nov-Dec to May) identified huge genetic variation for HRR in rice. During the wet season, HRR ranged between 20.6 per cent and 90.9 per cent. During summer, rice genotypes exhibited a significant reduction in HRR from 3.6 to 82.7 per cent. Stability analysis revealed that the rice genotypes viz. CO 39, ChiemChanh, CO 18, Guan-Yin-Tsan, IR36, Teqing, ARC 10818 and Cimarron exhibited stable head rice recovery across all seasons.
Keywords: Rice, heat stress, stability, head rice recovery
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